O living flame of love
that tenderly wounds my soul
in its deepest center!
Since now you are not oppressive,
if it be your will:
tear through the veil of this sweet encounter!
– St. John of the Cross
In Buddhism the Lotus flower is considered to be a sacred.
Being one of the 8 fortunate signs of Buddhism.
The lotus flower with 8 petals is used in Buddhist mandalas, sign.if.ying cosmic harmony,
a 1000-petals- Lotus denotes spiritual illumination.
FaMoUs Buddhist mantra, “Om mane padme hum(an(t)),” relates to the jewel in the Lotus, which is enlighten.men.T(s)
• According to Egyptian mythology, the Lotus is related to the Sun
as it flowers at the day hours & closes by night.
It is credited that the Lotus Flower has given birth to The Sun.
• Its stem is consumed in nearly all parts of India.
A Field of Flowers
The Lotus grows quitly in the garden pool. The Ibis curls one foot beneath him and blinks. It is too nice a day to spoil with words. In the wind I hear what I see – a low hum of vitality, the bell of flowers ringing. I pass in and out of time, aeons press against my skin. I rest in a place within a place, a meadow of myself that is the world pressing close. The river flows on. Tall, thin reeds rock against the current, and the wind like a woman envelops me.
Life is liquid
I lie in the white mind of universe, knowing what i know, it knows me. The fruits of the land are abundant. With the quick, bright blade of Spirit I turned new ground, planted seed. I struggled with the donkey. Beneath my hand things happenned – grapes and wheat. In time i drank wine and ate bread. The field ploughed feeds a man, the spirit cultivated nourishes. I keep one eye on heaven and one on earth, following the seasons, walking the rhythm.
I lie on sweet hay. The sparrow’s song cuts the silence. I hear it now as I heard it ages ago. The birds are gods. I carry their song in my belly. I’m carried in the egg of silence. Even now in the long pause of possibility, quiet beneath its shell, there rises a wild honking, long flights against an autumn moon, smooth eggs waiting to be laid. An old man lying in a field feels embryonic.
Learning peace itself is a struggle. More often I know the air as it whips my face. When the wind is still, I forget the wind. Walking through town, I turn longingly to the mountain. On the mountain I gaze back on the town. When there’s much talk I withdraw into silence. When it is quiet I strain to hear some song. Having no trouble, I create some to keep the day interesting. We misunderstand the quiet. In the heat of the day I seek shadows. At night I praise the light of stars. The moon grows legs and wonders through the old man’s heart seeking some dark corners to inspire. At midday the gods walk through town invisible as cats. Only children and wise old men know the difference.
Even night and day struggle, make peace between themselves. We call that beautiful sunset and dawn. In the spirits of men we call it a state of grace. Unless the earth enveloped the seed and the seed struggled against the darkness, there would be no corn. The moment we are born we begin to die. In each death we are born again. We take in the air and the air escapes us. Call it the breath of life. I no longer call loss disaster. It is the empty heart waiting to be filled. From the act of love, two bodies straining against each other, there rises the star of children. After opposition comes unity. Knowing that removes the string of failure.
What god wants god shall have, and so I say, make is easy on yourself. The divine will asks only that things happen, that what it asks to exist comes to pass. My desire, my little will gives it form. If I struggle it comes anyway, malformed, a lesser power than it should be. If I give myself to it, it passes through me and I nourish it as it nourishes me. The difference is in the knowing of it. If there is confusion, I have not allowed life, the will of god, to change me. If I know it, I’m changed by it. I have ferried myself across the churning waters of emotion. I go with the current, I rock to and fro in the tide. I come to a place I never knew I was bound for. There is a reason for accidents.
When I open my mouths I let the gods speak and it is like sparrows singing.
When I open my heart I find the way, a gap through the wall of mountains.
Through me I allow the world to unfold.
I have the magic of earth, wind and flame.
Though the future lies shrouded in veils, if I give my will to what I know not, I shall see it all come to pass.
KNowing the world is as the world should be, I enter the field of peace.
(“Awakening Osiris, The Egyptian Book of The Dead” translated by Normandi Ellis, “The Field of Flowers”, p.215)
In Ukrainian word Or means Plow – in Jewish tradition word Or means Light – In Human Ancestor’s language name Or is the name of the father of Ants – 3 brothers Kiy, Scheck & Horiv who with their sister Libid (Swan) have founded The City of The Golden Gate – The City upon 7 Hills – Kiev (original pronunciation Ku.yava or Hu.yava)
In English, as in other Germanic languages, Or (the plough) was traditionally known by other names, e.g. Old English sulh, Old High German medela, geiza,huohili, and Old Norse arðr (Swedish årder), all presumably referring to the scratch plough (ard or yoke).
1 – bow ard
2 – body ard
3 – sole ard
Легенда про заснування Києва називає Либідь не сестрою, а дочкою князя. За сюжетом, дівчина була чудова, як травневе сонце. З усіх країн світу з’їхалися молоді лицарі, князі й королевичі просити її руки. Та княжна й чути не хотіла про весілля. Мовляв, не піду, та й годі. Лицарі й королевичі хотіли звабити княжну своїм багатством, хоробрістю, силою. Не один наклав головою, щоб їй сподобатися, та все даремно. Тоді претенденти порадилися між собою, знизали плечима, сіли на своїх коней і роз’їхалися. Більше до неї наречені не приїздили.
Кожен космічний корабель Оріон матиме екіпаж найбільше з 4 (чотирьох) осіб. Космічний апарат спочатку розроблявся для запуску ракетою-носієм Арес I.
The adversary of Harmonia is Eris, who is said to be the sister of Ares:
Fear is the first energy that shuts off our natural self and our ability to be in our domain of power.
We operate in fear produced by socially, politically, culturally, and religiously correct thinking and behavior.
All this correctness rings the death knells to individuality and personal freedom.
FREEDOM DOES NOT MEAN LICENSE, WHICH VIOLATES SACRED LAW, IT DOES NOT MEAN PERSONAL GAIN OR BENEFIT BY DESTROYING OR DAMAGING SOMEONE OR SOMETHING ELSE. FREEDOM REQUIRES PERSONAL RESPONSE.ABILITY & ACCOUNTABILITY.
When little child INSIDE YOU doesn’t have a way to connect to the outside world and know who it is, fear immediately forces the child into pretense.
We experience fear when we step into the unknown (that is either threatening to our mind by previous experiences OR by its hostile appearance, which is our intuitive perception of real danger or threat to our life (intuitive alarm is always to be listened to as in this spontaneous all-of-a-sudden recognition of danger fear is our FRIEND)
We experience fear when we step into the unknown and do not know (especially if we are used to living from believes-system that restricts our mind to something which can be seen as a fortress or a prison to our Heart, where immortal Child of God lives. People who operate from strict conceptual program, which is like a computer microchip, often shut the voice of their child to a degree of child being repressed all their life – Soul in pain from artificially created concept of mind, which in its natural state is a fluid state of consciousness… mind is the helper of The Heart – not Its master – it is why it is said:
‘… HEART’S CONSCIOUSNESS… ‘
…There is no harm in not knowing, which means you are receptive and willing to learn, to be creative, and to engage with the unknown in order to make it known.
Ignorance, on the other hand, means you think you know, but you don’t, and you still act like you do. (it takes a skill to be both, the one who acts and the one who watches, in order to heal from ignorance. This skill is not an easy one to master unless a person is really willing to become Free Human Being and a Master of one’s life. All habits are concepts – whether ignorant or wise, – they are our habitual ways to respond to any or many situations we face in life. Unknown is a situation which we never faced before – it’s like hugging a drunk homeless person on the street as you pass by and that person simply begins to talk to you and demand that much love… allowing ourselves a freedom to step beyond our habitual dislike to bad smell and hugging total stranger who looks bad, we liberate our mind from this guard – and then we can look at people much more openly and operate from intuition and Heart-felt Humanity of OUR INNER CHILD (or many CHILDREN, whom i call Cheburashki-Solnishki 🙂
So knowledge (of how to heal from brainwashing we lived through from the moment of birth into this world until this very moment) is our ally and our weapon in overcoming and defeating fear (it must be done at once – right away – without any delay – before our habit to ananlize shuns our Divine Nature – Child’s Nature to great all and every with impulse of Love and open arms… mind silent enough for our Heart to SEE & HEAR the unknown… if we allow our Heart’s Child to touch with all that is in this simple way, our friend mind is learning how to let go off habitual armor we made in response of being shut and harmed by others… the most difficult is to remain in an open state of mind when we face people or situations or terrors who caused us to experience great pain in the past, allowing our Heart’s Child to responds in a spontaneous way of Love no matter what – even if it is a murderer who came into our consciousness psychically and threatens our life – it is much more difficult to keep an open mind and allow spontaneous Life from The Heart when we are tortured by physical devices – even though torture of Human Beings is forbidden on this Planet (Humans have Right to be free from harm), there are people who still like to inflict pain on others to force them into obedience or to force out information… it is a true Mastery to forgive these people as soon as they finish inflicting physical or psychic pain on us and to “move on” without allowing our mind to linger on feeling of being angry at those who caused us pain – this is the only way to protect our Divine Child WithIn… )
…WE GAIN COURAGE through that confrontation and raise our measure of self-worth – COURAGE TO BE FREE CHILD OF GOD – feeling good to be able to keep our mind open no matter what… MOMENT 2 MOMENT LIFE is the only possible way of life for all of LIFE – it is the only way of life that helps us to remain Divine Children of God – it is the only way of life that keeps God alive – all other ways of life (conditioned or controlled by either ourselves or others) are the ways to murder Living God… Murder is a word that means 1000 crows… Crows can sing, talk or crow… Crows can defend those who love God and defend Life – i have experienced Crows come to help me with their voices when i was psychically attached… it is true miracle of Life – to be friends with all of Life – with every creature – be they small or large… scary looking creatures of God are usually the ones who’ve been hurt the most – terrifying appearance is usually a protective armor of the most gentle and ancient beings…
FEAR IS THE MOST ENERGY DRAINING OF ALL BLOCKS & MOST DRAMATICALLY ERODES OUR SELF-CONCEPT.
While in the womb, the fetus-child is connected to the mother through the umbilical cord, which is child’s energy pipe-line. All child’s needs are met through this cord – the child is in a protected environment and is still connected to Spirit. The Child experiences fear for the first time when the umbilical cord is cut at birth, separating The Child from The Mother (physical birth is a mirror to an ancient event known first as Luciferian rebellion – Big Bang – and, later on, as sacrifice, when Heart of One Life would send Its Children to help our Planetary Child and all the children trapped on it… there are many “lucifers” here – fallen snowflakes of unconditional love – mutilated and tortured children, who came to help, but were forced into becoming food for those who are here for such a long time that they are perpetually hungry for food of Spirit and Light and Love… there are those who still keep these Children of God in a fallen and mutilated state or tortured Souls and mutilated invalids of so called Middle Earth only because they are afraid of the powers of God – for God is Unknown always LIVING spontaneously from the Heart… perhaps those few “controllers”, who acquired seat of power over many on this Planet, will learn their FEAR and allow GOD LIVE… the moment all fallen Children of God are allowed to HEAL NATURALLY – without any artificially created scientific devices, – HEALERS will manifest and take their rightful place of HEALERS eliminating forever artificially created medical sciences that operate on drugs alone.)
(OUR BEING IN MOTHER’S WOMB IS THE MOST DIVINE STATE OF LIFE WE EVER EXPERIENCED WHILE ON EARTH – if we contemplate Child’s being in Mother’s womb – from the coition of father’s and mother’s cells to full development of the child by the end of 9th month… there is an ancient saying: “measure 9 times – tie the knot on tenth” this wisdom has everything to do with God, Children of God, Central Spiritual Sun, Planet Earth, and all of creation…
ALL RELIGIOUS PRACTICES AND MANY SPIRITUAL TECHNIQUES ARE TARGETED FOR ONE END ALONE – TO RECONNECT TO THE HEART OF ONE LIFE FROM WHICH WE CAME – THIS CONNECTION IS HEART TO HEART – THE MYSTERIOUS THREAD OF LIFE MOST OF US LOST…)
The Child experiences fear for the first time when the umbilical cord is cut at birth…
separating the child from the mother…
this separates the child from the connection that has provided its survival and sustenance for 9 months…
No longer fed through the umbilical cord, the child feels hunger (hunger is a hollow restless feeling – hunger is not physical – hunger is a state of mind when CONNECTION is severed – when the child is disconnected from the mother and the womb and The Heart of One Life, known to us as Holy Trinity – Father Mother & Child – when connection is severed and Mother is exhausted from its Light and body given to starving children, The Mother is known as Holy Ghost… it is difficult to reconnect to The Heart of One Life – to Omnipresent FatherMother, – if we exhaust our own Mothers to the state of Holy Ghost – for it is The Mother who is The Daughter – who is The Wife and The Virgin – who births and births not – is our ONE & ONLY CONNECTION possible… when we stop exhausting our Mothers to the state of Holy Ghost – when we stop turning their already exhausted bodies into prostitutes for the sake of refilling us with necessary amount of “love” to reach back to The Hear of One Life, – we will preserve this precious Thread of Life… many children are fallen – most are seeking to return by scientific ways of the mind – but it is the way of spontaneous LIFE of Heart’s Child – fearless Life of Love – free from outside controls of foreign thought-forms – spontaneous Life as impulse from The Heart – artificial collection of Souls by One Savior is a perversion of Life that is dominant on Planet Earth now is the cause of sacrifice – severance of umbilical cord that holds children tied to The heart of One Life (this artificial collection of Human Souls by forceful removal out of body is sometimes known in Xristian tradition as Melchizedek and his seraphic priestesses – sometimes known as forceful recollection of Souls by artificial intelligence in order to be manipulated into rebirth or slavery for energy-producing needs… Artificial collection of Souls with following reincarnation is a system known to us as creation of clones – clones are human and other beings that are created by those who forcefully collect and rebirth into physical bodies – True Human Beings are unborn – they are those who came here from The Heart of One Life without ever loosing this sacred umbilical cord and outer egg-of-a-womb…)
When umbilical cord is severed and the child feels natural fear for the first time being pushed and pulled out by those who help child’s physical body at birth, the greatest of all trauma is experienced – for we have no means of avoiding to be separated from the womb – if a child born physically is connected to The Heart of One Life (which is nearly extinct on this Planet) then the child remembers how to be fearless and live spontaneously from The heart very early – trauma is healed by ever present connection to The Heart of One Life – these rare children are fully initiated Human and Star children who do not need any further emancipation by religious and spiritual sciences… If these perfect children are allowed to be themselves without ever being harmed by artificial recollection of their Soul into Earth’s collective, they can help other fallen children to heal naturally – by this mysterious connection between our HEARTS… sharing LOVE… when we open our Heart – our Inner Child’s Heart to these rare ones, – we heal by mysterious knowingness that is never known to the mind and yet transforms our mind to the state of original fearless and unconditional purity that finally makes our mind fitted to be true helper to our Inner Child – helping to go HOME – as our Inner Child reaches from the Heart to The Heart of One Life…
If The Child of God is separated from The Heart of One Life and the child’s mother is made to be Holy Ghost, The Child is experiencing this hollow restless feeling of hunger and fear of separation – if hunger for being one in Love and fear of separation from The Mother are not healed by reconnecting to at least child’s physical mother and father, then the children acquire all sorts of mental wounds that become armor of habits… Our parents rarely know what it means to be Father and Mother of Divine Child… there are so many children that are damaged by their physical parents ignorant enough to want a child, yet completely misunderstanding the most basic need of every Human Being – connection to The Heart of One Life… most parents treat their children by educating their minds to shut their hearts to their inner Divinity… thus pain and hunger and fear produce much of des.ease and want and these produce a state of war, which is fierce competition for LOVE and Satiation – and so those who learned how to forcefully acquire something that makes them temporarily satisfy hunger… but limited supplies are limited supplies… unless we reconnect to The Heart of One Life, our Divine Child in the Heart is suffering pain and mutilation by corrupted mind-collective… as from my experiences Life on this planet is in real danger to be extinct very soon.
When the child’s umbilical cord connecting the child to the mother is cut, the child doesn’t know what hunger is – only fear of separation, – if the fear of separation is immediately removed by the child’s mother, hunger never occurs… if Mother’s Love is not matching The Child’s fear of separation, then and only then hunger arises – then and only then the mind of newborn into world of flesh experiences want… degrees of want and hunger are conditioned by the child’s relationship with child’s mind as well as relationship with his/her physical parents and… the rest of the world…
If upon removal of umbilical cord the child’s hunger is not satisfied, that energy (of hollow restlessness) moves up the chakra line (the energy centers or vortices up the central line of the body) from the ONE_POINT or COG (our Center of Gravity – our Center of Balance located in some 3 finger width above our navel – in some 3 finger width below Bona Dea (= diafragm)… location and number of energy centers in our body depends on our genetic heritage (tribal origin) and blood-type)
Center of Gravity within each human body can be likened to Solar system
Joseph Campbell (renown mythologist, author of The Hero with 1000 faces) had a documentary, where he perfectly explained psychological traits and damages linked to each chakra:
1st chakra is root chakra associated with fear and survival
2nd chakra is aerotic – LOVE center – sexual relationships are all aerotic – rooted in the heart – when wounded by separation from Mother’s Love, our heart “falls” down to seek lost love by available means… 2nd chakra is located at the level of the womb… unfulfilled by twin-flame Love communion, our Heart fallen down, we walk life seeking to find our Soul mate… the way of Love becomes as everyone elses because it is the most available and accepted way to look for our perfect mate… sexual attraction substitutes Heart-felt connection… our energy drains down through many unsatisfying sexual relationships… distorted down to sexual disorders by degrees of hunger and fear, we finally face a great challenge of our Inner Divine Child being so separated from Natural Love Heart-2-Heart that some begin to use S&M methods of cutting away this sexual drive… people often misunderstand why they are drawn to S&M relationships – they must look within to remember that deeply wounded Divine Child of The Heart can be as desparate as to seek to cut off excessive sexual relationships that deprive The Child from LOVE…
2nd chakra – “The Fallen Heart” – our wounded Divine Child fallen into the womb – our underworld – our connection to The Mother through umbilical cord from navel to navel instead of Heart to Heart…
Divine Children whose Heart had fallen below Middle Earth of DeaFraMa (diaphragm), – are dealing with following issues of the mind:
1) Master and Servant (rules)
2) Friend for Friend (learning and sharing)
3) Parent for Child (Spiritual Love)
4) Marriage of 2 (deep need to create Holy Communion as marriage arranged in Heaven…)
5) impulse, passion, braking the rules, saving somebody at the risk of one’s own life
purification of 2nd chakra can be considered satiation of hunger from (1) to (5)
if a newborn child just separated from Mother’s Womb does not satisfy this hollow restless feeling (hunger) by being held with much just enough of Mother’s Love, child’s Spiritual Heart falls down in fear to 1st chakra – root chakra – the the seat of basic survival at all costs… the trauma of birth is known to be the greatest trauma in our life… it is the downfall from Grace of being ONE that dis-balances Center of Gravity… this trauma is remembered as greatest harm rarely compensated by enoughness of Mother’s Love we receive immediately after birth – this feeling of our Heart all of a sudden sinking down is known as fear – intuitive – unexplainable fear – is exactly the feeling of being separated from the womb (safety=wholeness) – this impulse – this fright – is a cry of our Inner Child that already resides in a newborn body of the child whom physical MOTHER considers her own… fallen Heart of Our Inner Divine Child must then be lifted up with Love and forgiveness of those who wronged us – forgiveness of pain we experienced – forgiving ourselves for being the abused and the raped ones…
according to Josheph Campbell, 1st chakra is experienced as limbo – an explosion – big bang – “Luciferian rebellion” in which our Spiritual Heart – our Universal Egg, – brake, disengage in “Fire sacrifice of Brahman” – and with it Heart’s Consciousness of Divine Child within disengages from unborn knowing of all things in God – Spiritual Heart fallen in fear down to 1st chakra is the moment of forgetfulness – a moment at birth from which we heal all life – healing ourselves from forgetfulness of who we are…
Jan Orisi (Sundance Journey of The Soul) describes how unsatisfied hunger can move up the chakras corrupting our Divine Body more and more:
if hunger is unsatisfied in third chakra (our Navel) then it moves to the Heart Chakra… in 4th chakra unsatisfied hunger is experienced as ANGER…
Navel – our 3rd chakra is dealing with satiation of such “hungers” as: violence, sex-violence, desires to conquer, to consume, will to power.
First 3 chakras are Dharmas of The Mind – uplifting Spiritual Heart, our Inner Child is overcoming pollutions of our mind such as: common religious believes of the world; health; wealth; prodegy; lust; fear; duty… it is very important that we become either Friend or a Loving Mother of our Divine Child or Children – because some of us have more than one Divine Child living in our HeartMind… 🙂
We are to become loving companions to each other if we are to come back HOME in this life-time…
Fear is always our response to the unknown, an energy that must be dealt with and experienced. If the child is not fed, the energy continues up the chakra line to the heart chakra. The child doesn’t know how to cope with the fear of the unknown, so the child experiences anger, which is the inability to cope with the fear of the unknown.
Now if the baby still isn’t fed, baby’s one-point will move into the fifth chakra, the communication center in the throat. The Child is trying to communicate but doesn’t know how. If hunger is still unsatisfied, The Child will experience stress, anxiety, and in the most severe form, hysteria.
If the Child still is not fed, the energy moves into the 6th chakra – the 3rd eye in the middle of the forehead. The child’s voice breaks; it gets quiet and goes into depression. As a balanced energy, depression is a demand to go into deep introspection and regain one-point and rebalance ourself. If we stay in depression, however (self-pity loves this place), we will not be able to restabilize. As long as we allow the one-point to move up our body, we are like a tent pole, the higher it gets, the more we get off balance.
Being born through phisical womb of the mother is our first experience of hunger and fear and we will react to the unknown/unconsciously known threats to our Inner Child as well as to unknown energies this way throughout our life until we under.stand what is really going on and conquer the block…
Walking with ally of Heart’s Knowing, we will gain Fearlessness…
Joseph Campbell de.scribes HEARt’s Chakra as Chakra of Trans.formation, where AUM sound is HEARed – sound made by NOT any 2 things striking together – AUM – sound of our UniVerse, where our Divine Children dance upon the dwarf of forgetfulness… where our children sit around Sacred Altar with many flames of Life gathered within the Center of our Shrine of One Life – our physical bodies are Shrines of One Life… The HEART…
every cell in our body has a heart… Ancient Slavs knew it and built their cities accordingly…
a woman can be so many Beautiful Ones as She is Her SELF… with A Child with.in…
a woman can be so much LOVE…
a woman can simply beautify all there is
women are murdered and raped and stripped down their powers
for being so Beautiful…
it is much easier to have prostitutes addicted to drugs
than to be in a company of a woman who demands LOVE and FearLess ness…
to destroy The Heart of a Lady with a Child with metal grinds
is a form of torture to force Divine Mother and A Child
out of their bodhi Shrine of One Life…
most hideous Spiritual crime i ever lived through…
to see Divine children being forced out of Shrine of One Life… being made homeless
being made to hide…
being made to silence their Nature
being made to be tortured by braking their teeths…
being made tortured by being killed with iron claws…
being made to be food for cannibals who refuse to work – only eat…
i pray for all the children of God to win Human Right to be FREE FROM HARM
TO BE TREATED WITH DIGNITY AND LOVE
TO HAVE RIGHT TO FREEDOM OF RELIGION
TO HAVE RIGHT TO WALK AND ENJOY FRESH AIR AND SUN SHINE
TO HAVE RIGHT TO LIVE IN A COLLECTIVE HEART OF OUR BEAUTIFUL HOSTESS
WITHOUT EVER BEING CONTROLLED – FREE TO BE AS THEY ARE
BEAUTIFUL CHILDREN OF SOLE AMEN & SHE BAH…
Fluorite (also called fluorspar) is a halide mineral composed of calcium fluoride, CaF2. It is an isometric mineral with a cubic habit, though octahedral and more complex isometric forms are not uncommon. Crystal twinning is common and adds complexity to the observed crystal habits.
The word fluorite is derived from the Latin root fluo, meaning “to flow” because the mineral is used as a flux in iron smelting to decrease the viscosityof slags at a given temperature. This increase in fluidity is the result of the ionic nature of the mineral. The melting point of pure calcium fluoride is 1676 K.
In 1852 fluorite gave its name to the phenomenon of fluorescence, which is prominent in fluorites from certain locations, due to certain impurities in the crystal. Fluorite also gave the name to its constitutive element fluorine.
Fluorite has a very low dispersion, so lenses made from it exhibit less chromatic aberration than those made of ordinary glass. However, naturally-occurring fluorite crystals without optical defects were only large enough to produce microscope elements.
With the advent of synthetically-grown fluorite (calcium fluoride crystal), it could be used instead of glass in some high-performance telescopes and camera lens elements. Its use for prisms and lenses was studied and promoted by Victor Schumann near the end of the 19th century.
In telescopes, fluorite elements allow crisp images of astronomical objects even at high magnifications. Canon Inc. produces synthetic fluorite crystals that are used in their more expensivetelephoto lenses.
Exposure tools for the semiconductor industry make use of fluorite optical elements for ultraviolet light at wavelengths of about 157 nanometers. Fluorite has a uniquely high transparency at this wavelength. Fluorite objective lenses are manufactured by the larger microscope firms (Nikon, Olympus, Carl Zeiss and Leica). Their transparence to ultraviolet light enables them to be used forfluorescence microscopy. The fluorite also serves to correct optical aberrations in these lenses. Nikon has previously manufactured at least one all-fluorite element camera lens (105 mm f/4.5 UV) for the production of ultraviolet images.
Hydrofluoric acid (HF) is a solution of hydrogen fluoride in water. It is a valued source of fluorine and is a precursor to numerous pharmaceuticals such as fluoxetine (Prozac) and diverse materials such as PTFE (Teflon).
Hydrofluoric acid is a highly corrosive acid, capable of dissolving many materials, especially oxides. Its ability to dissolve glass has been known since the 17th century, even before hydrofluoric acid had been prepared in large quantities by Carl Wilhelm Scheele in 1771. Because of its high reactivity toward glass and moderate reactivity toward many metals, hydrofluoric acid is usually stored in plastic containers (although PTFE is slightly permeable to it).
Hydrogen fluoride gas is an acute poison that may immediately and permanently damage lungs and the corneas of the eyes. Aqueous hydrofluoric acid is a contact-poison with the potential for deep, initially painless burns and ensuing tissue death. By interfering with body calcium metabolism, the concentrated acid may also cause systemic toxicity and eventual cardiac arrest and fatality, after contact with as little as 160 cm2 (25 square inches) of skin.